In April 1991 an international coalition started the operation »Safe Haven« in north Iraq. This originally intended to be a humanitarian mission which was the immediate reaction to the exodus of large parts of the Kurdish population. Fearing attacks from Saddam Hussein’s Baathistian government forces, many fled north, towards the Turkish and Iranian borders. The missions’ goal was not only to supply nearly 500.000 people, it was also to establish a no fight zone, granting sustainable protection for the Kurds. After years of persecution and repression the coalitions’ intervention meant nothing less then a unforseen break in the areas’ history which fnally established an autonomous kurdish region.


Untouched by commercialisation, these divine temples take us back to hundreds of years. People from the world over visit Goa to see these well maintained majestic temples, devoted to different Hindu Gods and Goddesses.

The model of counter-modernism manifests itself (…) in the construction of religious buildings that employ ancient imagery to express the neo-fundamentalism that has arisen in reaction to the process of globalisation. These temples are built by master craftsmen, often holding hereditary positions. The thousands of small temples and mosques appearing across urban and rural India exemplify the fervour with which this counter modernism has imposed itself on the country‘s architectural landscape.

Rahul Mehrotra

More than erasure, what makes History obscene is a utilitarian view of history. (...) Memories need to be mnemonically constructed.

U.R. Ananthamurthy